KING DAVID IN PRAYER
Pieter de Grebber ca. 1600 - 1653
King David was known for his diverse skill as both a warrior and the writer of Psalms. In his 40 year reign, David united the people of Isreal, led them to victory in battle, conquered land and paved the way for his son, Solomon, to build the Holy Temple.
David was the youngest son of Jesse from the tribe of Judah. He began his life as a shepherd in Bethlehem. One day, the prophet Samuel called him out of the field and anointed him without the knowledge of the current king, Saul. David and Saul first met when Saul hired David as a skilled musician.
The first time David publicly displayed his courage was when he challenged the nine-foot giant - Goliath. After skilled warriors had cowered in fear for 40 days, David made his slingshot, invoked God's name, and killed the giant. After this, Saul made David commander of his troops.
Saul soon became jealous of David after he was successful in the battle against the Philistines. Saul tried to kill David with a spear. Their trust was regained for a short period when took he Saul's daughters, Merav and Michal as his wives.
Saul's jealousy proved too much and he asked his son Jonathon to kill David. Jonathon was a friend of David's, however, and hid David instead. He then went to his father and convinced Saul to promise not to kill David.
This promise did not last and, after Saul attempted to kill David a second time. David ended up running away with Jonathan's help. Returning for a short while only to continue on his flight from Saul. He was able to find refuge with King of Moab.
While David was on the run he garnered the support of 600 men and they traveled from city to city. At one point, God delivered Saul into David’s hand. Saul unknowingly walked into a cave where David and his men were hiding. While Saul was relieving himself he did not know David was there and David cut off a piece of Saul’s cloak instead of killing him like he so easily could have. Later David confronted Saul of this and Saul relented and admitted that David would on day be king. He asked David to swear he would not destroy him or his descendants. Despite David swearing, Saul later continued pursuing him again.
Finally, David and his supporters joined a nearby King and David was entrusted with their city. Under Achish’s employ, David raided the cities of nomads and defeated tribe after tribe. Eventually, while David was out battling a tribe called the Amalekites, Saul and his good friend Jonathan were killed on Mt. Gilboa in a fight with the Philistines. David mourned, and then began a new stage in his life. He saved a city from raiders and that city appointed him as King of Judah.
Meanwhile, Abner son of Ner crowned Ish-Boshet son of Saul king over the tribes of Israel. The kingdoms of Judah and Israel fought, with David’s dynasty growing stronger as Saul’s grew weaker.
David’s first action as king was to capture what is now the City of David in Jerusalem, fortify it and build a palace. When the Philistines heard that David had been anointed king they attacked and captured Bethlehem. In three battles David forced the Philistines out of Israel.
Once David had established his kingdoms safety, he brought the Holy Ark to Jerusalem. He consulted Natan the prophet about building a temple to God. Natan told him, God would always be with him, but it would be up to David’s son to build the Temple because David had been a warrior and shed blood.
David began fighting many wars against Israel’s neighbours on the east bank of the Jordan. Defeating the Moabites, the Edomites, the Ammonites and the Arameans. These wars began defensively, but ended with the establishment of a Davidic empire that extended over both sides of the Jordan River, as far as the Mediterranean Sea. He divided the country into twelve districts, each with its own civil, military and religious institutions, with Jerusalem as the secular and religious centre of the country.
Despite flawless reign on a national level, David had problems in his personal life. One day while the men were at war, David spied a beautiful woman, Bathsheba, from his rooftop. He discovered she was married to Uriah the Hittite, but this did not stop David from sending for her and getting her pregnant. He recalled Uriah from battle and pretended Uriah was the father. Uriah refused to go home to his wife, so David sent Uriah to the front lines of battle, where he was killed. David then married Bathsheba. When confronted by Natan the prophet, David admitted his sin. In punishment, the child died and David was cursed with the promise of a rebellion from within his own house. Bathsheba and David soon conceived a second son, Solomon.
David’s personal strife continued when his son Amnon raped Tamar, Amnon’s half-sister. David’s sons Absalom and Tamar killed Amnon. Absalom fled, but David could not stop thinking about him. Joab convinced David to allow Absalom to return. Absalom was handsome and popular with the people of Israel. 40 years after Samuel had anointed David king, Absalom, along with 200 men rebelled against his father to take over his kingdom. He had the support of the many groups of people offended, insulted or intimidated by Davids rule.
David feared Absalom would return and conquer Jerusalem so he fled. He left some of his advisors as spys, that ended up befriending and influencing Absalom. While Absalom was taking over the city and enjoying himself David gathered troops, returned and killed Absalom and 20,000 of his soldiers. In turn, putting David back in power.
Eventually David grew old and had to stop fighting. He started significantly decreasing in strength. He left his son with all the materials and plans necessary to build the temple. It is then fitting that according to tradition, the Messiah, will build the third temple, the church.
KING DAVID PLAYING THE HARP
Gerard van Honthorst ca.1622
Courage is the attitude and ability to face and deal with anything recognised as dangerous, difficult or painful. Instead of withdrawing from it we feel the fear and do it anyway.
THIS IS COURAGE
KEELY MORLEY - DARTFORD
To honour someone is to value them highly or bestow value upon them. David was a man man of honour, he lived to a higher code and understood the importance of respect. Above all, David honoured God and walked before him with integrity, praise and obedience.
THIS IS HONOUR
REG AWOLIYI - DARTFORD
The quality of being honest and having strong moral principles
THIS IS INTEGRITY
ANDREW JACKSON - DARTFORD
Contrition is the state of feeling remorseful and penitent.
THIS IS CONTRITION
ROY MORLEY - DARTFORD
Devotion is love, loyalty, or enthusiasm for a person or activity.
THIS IS DEVOTION
TONY TAIWO - DARTFORD
Faithfulness is steadfastness, constancy, or allegiance; it is carefulness in keeping what we are entrusted with; it is the conviction that the Scriptures accurately reflect reality.